Mating Practices and the Dissemination of Genetic Disorders in Domestic Animals, Based on the Example of Dog Breeding

Scientific Journal Articles

On the basis of simulations and genealogical data of ten dog breeds, three popular mating practices (popular sire effect, line breeding, close breeding) were investigated along with their effects on the dissemination of genetic disorders. Our results showed that the use of sires in these ten breeds is clearly unbalanced. Depending on the breed, the effective number of sires represented between 33% and 70% of the total number of sires. Mating between close relatives was also found to be quite common, and the percentage of dogs inbred after two generations ranged from 1% to about 8%. A more or less long-term genetic differentiation, linked to line-breeding practices, was also emphasized in most breeds. FIT index based on gene dropping proved to be efficient in differentiating the effects of the different mating practices, and it ranged from )1.3% to 3.2% when real founders were used to begin a gene dropping process. Simulation results confirmed that the popular sire practice leads to a dissemination of genetic disorders. Under a realistic scenario, regarding the imbalance in the use of sires, the dissemination risk was indeed 4.4 times higher than under random mating conditions. In contrast, line breeding and close breeding practices tend to decrease the risk of the dissemination of genetic disorders.

Leroy G, Baumung R. Mating practices and the dissemination of genetic disorders in domestic animals, based on the example of dog breeding. Anim Genet. 2011 Feb;42(1):66-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2052.2010.02079.x. PMID: 20528847

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Topic(s): Breeder Resource, Genetics, How Genetics Impacts Welfare