Incorporating Canine Behavior and Welfare Into Kennel Design – Croney Research Group



Incorporating canine behavior and welfare considerations into kennel design provides an environment that is more healthy and enriching for the dogs that live in it.  This fosters both physical and behavioral health.  This handout highlights some of the important factors to consider as you design kennels for dogs.


Croney C, Shreyer T. (2019, March). Setting Puppies and Dogs Up for Success: Designing Kennels with Behavior and Welfare Considerations in Mind. Retrieved March 26, 2021, from

Eller, P.M. and Cassinelli, M.E. (1994). NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering.

Hurt, M., Daigle, C., and Croney, C. (2015). Promoting the welfare of kenneled dogs: Environmental considerations. Purdue Extension, VA8-W.

Morgan, K.N. and Tromborg, C.T. (2007). Sources of stress in captivity. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 102, 262-302.

Download Full Resource
Topic(s): Bare Bones Basics, Breeder Resource, Designs that Support Good Welfare, Kennel Design